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Embedded Software Development with eCos US$49.99

Embedded Software Development with eCos

Author Anthony J. Massa shows you how to save thousands of dollars and hundreds of programming hours by effectively using the open-source eCos environment from market leader Red Hat. This workbook shows developers and managers the advantages of using eCos -- the Embedded Configurable Operating System -- over proprietary or commercial embedded operating systems.


  • How to build low-cost, royalty-free embedded solutions with eCos
  • Covers eCos architecture, installation, configuration, coding, debugging, bootstrapping, porting, and more
  • Incorporates additional open-source software components to extend the features and functionality of eCos, meeting the requirements of a wide range of embedded systems
  • Includes open-source tools for a complete embedded software development environment with eCos as the core
  • Contains extensive code examples and complete application case study

"Anthony's book is easily the most complete treatment of eCos system development. I believe it is destined to become part of every eCos developer's library." —Michael Tiemann, CTO, Red Hat Software and Co-founder of Cygnus Solutions

The Embedded Configurable Operating System (eCos) gives professionals a low-cost, royalty-free embedded software development solution that works in highly constrained hardware environments, while scaling smoothly to larger products. In this start-to-finish guide to eCos solution building, Anthony Massa covers eCos architecture, installation, configuration, coding, deployment, and the entire eCos open-source development system. Additional open-source tools are included to configure a complete embedded software development environment. Massa's code examples and application case study illuminate techniques for building virtually any embedded system, from the simplest device to complex Internet-enabled wireless systems. Coverage includes:

  • Understanding eCos architecture: kernel, hardware abstraction layer, and other components
  • Preparing your eCos embedded development environment
  • Incorporating additional open-source tools for a complete embedded software development environment
  • Working with exceptions, interrupts, and virtual vectors
  • Managing threads and synchronization
  • Utilizing the eCos networking stack, I/O system, and file system
  • Covering additional eCos functionality, including third-party open-source contributions
  • Using RedBoot, the standardized embedded debug and bootstrap solution
  • Porting eCos to new hardware platforms

The accompanying CD-ROM contains the complete eCos development environment, along with all the code presented in this book.

Table of Contents



1. An Introduction to the eCos World

1.1 Where It All Started — Cygnus Solutions

1.2 The Origins of eCos

1.2.1 In a Word: Configurability

1.2.2 The eCos Configuration Method

1.2.3 eCos Core Components

1.2.4 Processor and Evaluation Platform Support

1.2.5 eCos Support

1.3 Architecture Overview

1.3.1 eCos Terminology Component Framework Component Repository Configuration Options Components and Packages Targets Templates

1.4 Summary

2. The Hardware Abstraction Layer

2.1 Overview

2.1.1 HAL Directory Structure Example HAL Function Call Trace

2.1.2 HAL Macro Definitions

2.1.3 HAL Configuration Common Configuration Components Architecture-Specific Configuration Components

2.1.4 HAL Startup

2.2 Summary

3. Exceptions and Interrupts

3.1 Exceptions

3.1.1 HAL and Kernel Exception Handling

3.1.2 Application Exception Handling

3.2 Interrupts

3.2.1 eCos Interrupt Model Interrupt and Scheduler Synchronization

3.2.2 Interrupt Configuration

3.2.3 Interrupt Handling

3.2.4 Interrupt Control Interrupt Service Routine Management Interrupt State Management Interrupt Controller Management

3.3 Summary

4. Virtual Vectors

4.1 Virtual Vectors

4.1.1 Virtual Vector Configuration

4.1.2 Virtual Vector Table Initialization Communication Channels

4.2 Summary

5. The Kernel

5.1 The Kernel

5.1.1 Kernel Directory Structure

5.1.2 Kernel Startup

5.1.3 The Scheduler Multilevel Queue Scheduler Bitmap Scheduler Priority Levels Scheduler Configuration

5.2 Summary

6. Threads and Synchronization Mechanisms

6.1 Threads

6.1.1 Thread Stacks and Stack Sizes

6.2 Synchronization Mechanisms

6.2.1 Mutexes

6.2.2 Semaphores

6.2.3 Condition Variables

6.2.4 Flags

6.2.5 Message Boxes

6.2.6 Spinlocks

6.3 Summary

7. Other eCos Architecture Components

7.1 Counters, Clocks, Alarms, and Timers

7.1.1 Counters

7.1.2 Clocks

7.1.3 Alarms

7.1.4 Timers

7.2 Asserts and Tracing

7.3 ISO C and Math Libraries

7.4 I/O Control System

7.4.1 I/O Sub-System

7.4.2 Device Drivers

7.5 Summary

8. Additional Functionality and Third-Party Contributions

8.1 Compatibility Layers


8.1.2 µITRON

8.2 ROM Monitors

8.2.1 CygMon

8.2.2 RedBoot

8.2.3 GDB Stub

8.3 File Systems

8.3.1 ROM File System

8.3.2 RAM File System

8.3.3 Journalling Flash File System Version 2

8.4 PCI Support

8.4.1 PCI Library API

8.5 USB Support

8.6 Networking Support

8.6.1 OpenBSD

8.6.2 FreeBSD

8.6.3 lwIP

8.6.4 Networking Threads

8.6.5 Networking Configuration

8.6.6 Networking Tests

8.6.7 DNS Support

8.7 SNMP Support

8.8 The GoAhead Embedded WebServer

8.9 Symmetric Multi-Processing Support

8.10 Additional Features

8.11 Summary

9. The RedBoot ROM Monitor

9.1 Overview

9.2 RedBoot Directory Structure

9.3 Installation and Configuration

9.3.1 RedBoot Configuration

9.3.2 Host Configuration Serial Ethernet

9.4 User Interface and Command Set

9.4.1 RedBoot Commands Boot Scripting

9.5 Summary

10. The Host Development Platform

10.1 Overview

10.2 Configuring the Windows Host

10.2.1 Installing the Cygwin Native Tools Cygwin Tools Directory Structure Upgrading the Cygwin Tools

10.2.2 Installing the Platform-Specific Cross-Development Tools

10.2.3 Installing the eCos Development Kit eCos Development Kit Directory Structure

10.2.4 Accessing the Online eCos Source Code Repository Installing WinCVS Setting WinCVS Preferences WinCVS Update Commands

10.3 Summary

11. The eCos Toolset

11.1 Packages

11.1.1 Package Directory Structure

11.1.2 The Component Definition Language Overview CDL Script Files

11.2 The Configuration Tool

11.2.1 Screen Layout Saving Configurations Importing and Exporting Configurations Configuration Window Conflicts Window Properties Window Short Description Window Output Window Memory Layout Window Memory Layout Manipulation

11.2.2 eCos Repository Database

11.2.3 Graphical Representation of CDL Script Files

11.2.4 Using Templates Conflicts and Resolutions

11.2.5 Package Control

11.3 Other eCos Tools

11.3.1 The Package Administration Tool

11.3.2 The Command-Line Configuration Tool

11.4 Building the eCos Tools

11.5 Additional Open-Source Tools

11.5.1 Source-Navigator

11.5.2 Splint

11.6 Summary

12. An Example Application Using eCos

12.1 The eCos Build Process

12.1.1 A Closer Look

12.2 Examples Overview

12.2.1 Development Hardware Setup

12.2.2 eCos Tools

12.3 RedBoot

12.3.1 Building RedBoot

12.3.2 Installing RedBoot

12.3.3 Booting RedBoot

12.4 eCos

12.4.1 Building eCos

12.5 Application

12.5.1 Building the Application

12.5.2 Loading the Application

12.5.3 Debugging the Application Using the GDB Command-Line Interface

12.6 The eCos Tests

12.7 Simulators

12.8 Summary

13. Porting eCos

13.1 Overview of Porting

13.2 A Platform Porting Example

13.2.1 PowerPC HAL Directory and File Structure

13.2.2 Porting Hints

13.3 Summary

Appendix A - Supported Processors and Evaluation Platforms

Appendix B - eCos License

B.1 eCos License

B.2 GNU General Public License

B.2.1 Version 2, June 1991

B.2.2 Preamble

B.2.3 How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs

Appendix C - Cygwin Tools Upgrade Procedure

Appendix D - Building the GNU Cross-Development Tools

About the Author


About the CD-ROM

Paperback; 399 pages.

This product was added to our catalog on Wednesday 29 September, 2004.


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