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Hardware/Software Co-Design for Data Flow Dominated Embedded Sys US$209.00

0792382994
Hardware/Software Co-Design for Data Flow Dominated Embedded Sys

The design process of embedded systems has changed substantially in recent years. One of the main reasons for this change is the pressure to shorten time-to-market when designing digital systems. To shorten the product cycles, programmable processes are used to implement more and more functionality of the embedded system. Therefore, nowadays, embedded systems are very often implemented by heterogeneous systems consisting of ASICs, processors, memories and peripherals. As a consequence, the research topic of hardware/software co-design, dealing with the problems of designing these heterogeneous systems, has gained great importance.

Hardware/Software Co-design for Data Flow Dominated Embedded Systems introduces the different tasks of hardware/software co-design including system specification, hardware/software partitioning, co-synthesis and co-simulation. The book summarizes and classifies state-of-the-art co-design tools and methods for these tasks. In addition, the co-design tool COOL is presented which solves the co-design tasks for the class of data-flow dominated embedded systems.

Author Ralf Niemann put this book's primary emphasis on the hardware/software partitioning and the co-synthesis phase and their coupling. In contrast to many other publications in this area, a mathematical formulation of the hardware/software partitioning problem is given. This problem formulation supports target architectures consisting of multiple processors and multiple ASICs. Several novel approaches are presented and compared for solving the partitioning problem, including an MILP approach, a heuristic solution and an approach based on genetic algorithms.

The co-synthesis phase is based on the idea of controlling the system by means of a static run-time scheduler implemented in hardware. New algorithms are introduced which generate a complete set of hardware and software specifications required to implement heterogeneous systems. All of these techniques are described in detail and exemplified.

This book is intended to serve students and researchers working on hardware/software co-design. At the same time, the variety of presented techniques automating the design tasks of hardware/software systems will be of interest to industrial engineers and designers of digital systems.

"Niemann's method should be known by all persons working in the field. Hence, I recommend this book for everyone who is interested in hardware/software co-design." --Prof. Peter Marwedel, Ph.D, University of Dortmund Embedded Systems Group

Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Tables

1. Introduction

Embedded Systems

Hardware/Software Co-Design

Outline of the Thesis

2. Co-Design Systems

Co-Design for System Specification and Modelling

Co-Design for Heterogeneous Implementation

Processor Synthesis
Single-Processor Architectures with one ASIC
Single-Processor Architectures with many ASICs
Multi-Processor Architectures
Other Co-Design Approaches

Comparison of Co-Design Approaches

Overview of COOL

Classification of COOL

3. Specification of Embedded Systems

Models of Computation

State-Oriented Models
Activity-Oriented Models
Structure-Oriented Models
Data-Oriented Models
Heterogeneous Models

Requirements for Embedded System Specification

Survey of System Specification Languages

VHDL for System Specification

System Specification in COOL

4. Hardware/Software Partitioning

The Hardware/Software Partitioning Problem

Hardware/Software Mapping
Hardware Sharing
Interfacing
Scheduling
Functional Pipelining

Related Work

Hardware/Software Partitioning in COOL

Special Aspects of HW/SW Partitioning in COOL

Hardware/Software Cost Estimation

Software Cost Estimation
Hardware Cost Estimation
Interface Cost Estimation

Generation of the Partitioning Graph

Formulation of the HW/SW Partitioning Problem

Optimization

Linear and Integer Linear Programming
Evolutionary Algorithms

The MILP-Model

The Decision Variables
The Objective Function
The Constraints
Hardware Sharing
Interfacing
Scheduling

HW/SW Partitioning based on Heuristic Scheduling

Step I: Mapping with Approximated Schedule
Step II: Scheduling solved by MILP
Step III: Scheduling solved by List Scheduling
Results I: Scheduling Algorithms
Results II: HW/SW Partitioning using Heuristic Scheduling

HW/SW Partitioning based on Genetic Algorithms

GA Parameters
GA Encoding
GA Fitness Function
Analysis of the GA Approach
Results III: HW/SW Partitioning based on GA
GA Approach for Extended HW/SW Partitioning

5. Hardware/Software Co-Synthesis

The Co-Synthesis Problem

Communication Synthesis
Specification Refinement

Related Work

Co-Synthesis in COOL

Hardware/Software Systems generated by COOL

System Controller
I/O Controller
Bus Arbiter
Controller for Data Paths
Bus Drivers
Simulation Models for Memory and Processors

State-Transition Graph

State-Transition Graph Generation
State-Transition Graph Optimization
Memory Allocation

Refinement and Controller Generation

Data-Related Refinements for Hardware and Software
Software Refinement
Hardware Refinement
Controller Generation

Results IV: Application Study of a Fuzzy Controller

6. The COOL Framework

Implementation of COOL

Description of COOL

Graphical User Interface
Validation using Simulation
Specification of Design Constraints
Hardware/Software Partitioning
Co-Synthesis
Co-Simulation

7. Summary and Conclusions

Summary and Contribution to Research

Future Work

Bibliography

References

Notations

Abbreviations

Index

Hardcover; 244 pages.


This product was added to our catalog on Wednesday 29 September, 2004.

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